Network, Alliance Partnership Joint Research Knowledge Center Living Lab
WG2. Working Group on behavioral and societal multidisciplinary research interfacing system and operation research, behavioral and techno-societal systems modeling and Living Labs. Ethical and privacy aspects.
Group leaders: ELVIRA SANTIAGO GÓMEZ <email@example.com>, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain. Group co-leader: AELITA Skaržauskienė <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Mykolas Romeris University (MRUNI), Lithuania
The large scale integration of intelligent IC technologies including sensors, open data, mobile internet might have serious impact on life style, quality of life and security of citizens that transcend national boundaries and geographical barriers. The behavioral, ethical and man-machine interaction aspects play an important role in Secure Smart Cities and require serious multidisciplinary research efforts of all the actors involved or affected by SSC technologies and operations. The behavioral aspects also play an important role in Smart Cites system of systems integration, resilience, sustainability and security. The coherent interdisciplinary to put bridge between technology and people will be addressed the consequences of techno-social interactions of Secure Smart City and advance to achieve the present and future challenges of SSC. The improved understanding of techno-social aspects need will strength the relation between technology developers, citizens and authorities and thus let society advance in an innovative and trusted Smart Cities environment that respect rights of citizens and comply with governmental and European legislation and policies.
The estate of the art shows that the inclusion of human, social and ethical aspects are inherent for Smart Cities and the engagement and participation remains as a crucial challenge for the proper functioning of Secure Smart Cities. Nam and Pardo (2011) identify societal aspects as one of the three categories of core factors that will be integrated in Smart Cities. In the same token the report entitled ‘Mapping Smart Cities in the EU’ (2014) analysed a sizeable sample of smart city projects and initiatives and identified three key factors for successful smart cities: (i) a vision of inclusion and participation to avoid polarisations; (ii) empowering citizens through active participation and (iii) integration mechanisms (central and local) across ideas, initiatives, projects and stakeholders .
Smart city technology has developed practical and successful applications for law enforcement, transportation services, and essential infrastructure systems. But criticism is drawn from privacy factors (Fench and Tene, 2013), as the information sharing flows operate vertically between citizens and the government. .Solve the privacy controversy around Smart Cities is one of the core objectives of the EU Project ICT-258512 EXALTED focused on defined privacy in smart city and subdivided it in four dimensions: Privacy of personal information, privacy of person, privacy of personal behaviour, and privacy of personal communications. Smart city applications directly address the first dimension, because most data protection laws and regulations cover privacy of personal information. In this context authors suggest reinforce security and privacy by reframe privacy police, increase citizens awareness of digital threats, create Security Teams and establish a solid Public-Private Partnership.
Previous research projects and initiatives show the importance of societal and human aspects related the proper function of Smart Cities and the challenges for privacy and security that remains unaddressed. As we have seen authors agree that the integration and engagement of citizens is needed to protect privacy and respect ethics in SCC, but there is a lack of fruitfully experiences of public engagement and open debate between citizens, experts and authorities. Due the state of the art our proposal based on a multidisciplinary research network could advance in the engagement of citizens in an open dialogue with technology developers and public authorities in a strength collaboration Public Private Partnership to achieve a) the co-production of technology solutions that integrate the public priorities, be respectful with ethical values and respect privacy requirements; and b) that could operate in a proper regulatory and legal framework.
The objectives of the Working Group
The objectives of the SSC Multidisciplinary Group are related but not restricted to (a) interrogate the core social and technical implications of smart cities (b) develop interdisciplinary approaches and dialogue that will serve to frame understandings and analysis of digital urban management policies and practices, (c) restore trust through the engagement and open dialogue between different actors –citizens, industry and policy makers, and (d) co-produce techno-social systems respectful with social and ethical values to advance in Secure Smart Cities implementation.
The main objectives of the multidisciplinary framework are linked to the engagement of citizens with technology developers and public authorities to frame the main challenges of Secure Smart Cities, co-produce trusted solutions and harmonize its regulatory environment. To achieve this Working Group propose:
- To advance in a multidisciplinary framework human, cultural and ethical oriented that could find a common and shared definition of Secure Smart Cities that will be inclusive and will respect privacy and ensure the security of personal data, restore trust in Smart Cities services and increase resilience in SCC.
- To engage citizens in an open discussion with technology developers and policy makers to identify the societal and ethical impacts of technological means of rendering, analyzing and managing the city. We need to understand societal and ethical implications of Smart City developments and to consider how such developments reproduce or overcome issues of citizenship and societal inclusion and exclusion.
- To understand the impact of digital urban governance on both individual and collective rights. Secure Smart Cities operates with ICT services that not be constrain to classical territorial government regulation and limitations, it would be usefull to harmonize the regional, national and international regulatory levels.
To develop models of social networks of the population located in the city for. simulations, analysis and planning tools development. It could include emergency plan or other category of information.
The efforts to understand societal and ethical implications of Smart City developments oriented to find a common and shared definition of Secure Smart Cities priorities and challenges; the harmonization of regulatory framework related SC; and the engagement of citizens, technology developers and policy makers in an open dialogue oriented the co-production of trusted solutions, services and uses of personal data in Smart Cities will strengh the solidarity and inclusion of our societies, and restore citizens confidence in democracy systems and governments and increase trust in innovation and technology development.
Relevance and Expected Impact
Although citizens are directly affected by the security in Smart Cities, their views and opinions on the development and implementations IC technologies that operates in SC remains under-investigated. This is partially due to some epistemological limitations of existing public engagement exercises and more traditional public opinion studies in the area of security technologies. With the aim of overcoming these limitations, this COST Action will develop a specific methodological framework to reconcile public participation and deliberation with robust, diversified scientific data and upstream engagement. This methodology is an innovative engagement methodology based on a combination of informed engagement with deliberative participation focused on the open discussion between citizens, experts and policy makers from an STS perspective. Its core objective is the exchange of knowledge and expertise in both directions: from experts and policy makers to citizens and from citizens to experts and policy makers to achieve the co-production of reliable solutions and innovations in SSC. This collaboration could help to define and harmonize the regulatory framework and restore and increase trust and confidence in ICT.
The multidisciplinary collaboration and the open discussion between citizens, experts and authorities could help to define and harmonize the regulatory framework related SSC and restore and increase trust and confidence in IC Technologies that operates in SSC and thus increase resilience and well being.
Relevant actors that could be interested in the WG
- Civil Society Organizations - Lay Citizens - Industries focused on the production of services for SCC inculuding Security - Research Centres - Public authorities - Operators